Preventive care is the most important step you can take to manage your health. Many of the top risk factors leading to illness and premature death are preventable. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 7 out of 10 Americans die each year from chronic diseases, many of which are preventable. Prevention includes a healthy lifestyle, exercise, diet and other similar efforts. Preventive care in a medical setting includes a variety of health care services, such as a physical examination, screenings, laboratory tests, counseling and immunizations.